Multiplication Strategies

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This page contains the methods taught for simple multiplication based on repeated addition and drawing arrays. It is important to be aware that although 6 x 3 and 3 x 6 result in the same answer the sums do not mean the same. 6 x 3 means 6 lots of 3 while 3 x 6 means 3 lots of 6.Times tables are not generally taught parrot fashion at this stage in school however if you feel your child is ready for this click here for printable times tables.
Repeated Addition 

4 x 5 =20

This multiplication sum is 4 lots of 5. Shown as a repeated addition it looks like this 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 =
There are several ways a child could solve this depending on how confident they are with different methods.
1. They could count in 5's 4 times - 5  10  15  20.
2. They could just count on - put 5 in their head and count on the rest but the pitfall here is losing count.
3. They may be aware that 5 + 5 = 10 and that they have this sum twice and that double 10 = 20
4. They may decide to do it like so:

repeated addition

5. Remember to write the answer by the original sum or question.


Using an array

An array is a pictorial representation of the sum e.g. 4 x 3 =12

1. Children decide that 4 x 3 is 4 sets of 3.

2. They draw 4 circles (could be any shape but circle is quickest.) to represent the 4 sets.

3. They then put 3 spots on each circle.                                               



4. Children are then encourages to write the repeated addition under the circles.
aray with repeated addition
5. Finally they count the spots or add up the 3's to obtain the answer. It is advisable to do both in order to check the answer.

6 Remember to write the answer by the original sum or question.



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