



This page contains the methods taught for simple multiplication based on repeated addition and drawing arrays. It is important to be aware that although 6 x 3 and 3 x 6 result in the same answer the sums do not mean the same. 6 x 3 means 6 lots of 3 while 3 x 6 means 3 lots of 6.Times tables are not generally taught parrot fashion at this stage in school however if you feel your child is ready for this click here for printable times tables.  
Repeated
Addition
4 x 5 =20 This multiplication sum
is 4 lots of 5. Shown as a repeated addition it looks like this 5 + 5 + 5
+ 5 = 

5. Remember to write the answer by the original sum or question.  


Using an array An array is a pictorial representation of the sum e.g. 4 x 3 =12 1. Children decide that 4 x 3 is 4 sets of 3. 2. They draw 4 circles (could be any shape but circle is quickest.) to represent the 4 sets. 3. They then put 3 spots on each circle. 



4. Children are then encourages to write the repeated addition under the circles.  
5.
Finally they count the spots or add up the 3's to obtain the answer. It is
advisable to do both in order to check the answer.
6 Remember to write the answer by the original sum or question. 

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