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There are many different words and phrases that represent the 4 basic mathematical operations that children who are working towards taking their Standard Assessment Tests will need to be aware of. (There are more but I am only concentrating on the ones this particular age group may need). They will be required to solve word problems as well as numeric operations. Methods for working out problems are shown on the strategies pages.

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Free Printables:-
Click below to go to specific words and phrases section 100 Square

ADDITION SUBTRACTION MULTIPLICATION DIVISION

Number Stories
Times Tables

 

ADDITION                                           link to addidition_strategies

  • add                                             Click the blob for 
  • plus                                             addition strategies page
  • more
  • more than
  • greater than
  • total
  • altogether
  • sum of

EXAMPLES OF WORD PROBLEMS

  • I have 6 apples and I bought 3 more. How many have I got now?
  • Tom has 5 toy cars. Sam has 3 more than Tom. How many toy cars does Sam have?
  • Which number is 3 greater than 4?
  • What is the total of 11 and 6?
  • Ellis has 7 marbles and his friend Meera has 6 marbles. How many do they have altogether?
  • What is the sum of 15 and 7?

SUBTRACTION                                        link to subtraction strategies  

  • minus                                           Click the blob for
  • take away                                 subtraction strategies page
  • less than
  • subtract
  • fewer than
  • difference

EXAMPLES OF WORD PROBLEMS

  • What is 12 less than 25?
  • Subtract 15 from 37.
  • I have 19 video games. My friend Pete has 7 fewer than me. How many does he have?
  • What is the difference between 10 and 6?

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MULTIPLICATION                                   link to multiplication strategies

  • multiply                                          Click the blob for
  • times                                     multiplication strategies page
  • sets of
  • lots of (plates of, bags of, boxes of etc)

EXAMPLES OF WORD PROBLEMS

  • Jane has 3 bags of bananas, there are 2 bananas in each bag. How many bananas does Jane have?
  • If I have 3 sets of 6 pencils. How many pencils do I have?

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DIVISION                                          link to division strategies

  • divide                                          Click the blob for
  • share                                        division strategies page
  • into
  • 1/2 or 1/4 of (at key stage 1 "of" is taught as division by sharing into 2  or 4 sets because the concept of multiplying by a fraction is far too difficult for the majority of 5-7 year olds to comprehend.)

EXAMPLES OF WORD PROBLEMS

  • There were 15 strawberries and they had to be shared between 3 people. How many did each person get?
  • How many times does 4 go into 20?
  • What is 1/2 of 20?

 

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